Basic Facts About Uterine Cancer

The purpose of this blog is to provide information about uterine cancer, its warning signs, diagnosis and treatment — and to hear from readers. All content is reviewed by expert gynecologic cancer specialists.

We welcome your comments and questions, and will publish and respond to as many as possible.

Learn Listen ActThere are two kinds of uterine cancer, endometrial cancer and uterine sarcomas. Endometrial cancer is by far the more common of the two, with uterine sarcomas accounting for only about 5% of uterine cancers. In fact, endometrial cancer is the most common gynecologic cancer with more than 52,000 diagnoses expected this year. Unfortunately, this number is expected to grow because of the link between obesity and endometrial cancer.

The endometrium is the lining of the uterus, or womb. Endometrial cancer begins in the lining of the endometrium while uterine sarcomas begin in the muscles of the uterus. Uterine sarcomas are much less common but are more aggressive.

It is very important for women to learn the warning signs of uterine cancer:

  • Younger women should be alert to irregular or heavy vaginal bleeding
  • For older women who have undergone menopause, ANY vaginal bleeding may be a warning sign
  • Pelvic pain or pressure can be a warning sign of a uterine sarcoma
  • A rapidly growing fibroid in post-menopausal women should raise suspicion of a leiomyosarcoma

If you experience these symptoms or conditions over time, please make an appointment with a physician, preferably a gynecologist.

Next time we will discuss uterine cancer risk factors.


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