Staging helps to determine what treatment plan is best for you and to give you an idea of how extensive your cancer is and your chances of a cure and it determined at the time of your surgery.
Cervical cancer is grouped into four stages.
Stage I: The cancer is found only in the cervix.
Stage II: The cancer has spread from the cervix to the upper part of the vagina or the tissue around the uterus. It has not spread to the pelvic wall. (The pelvic wall is the muscle and connective tissues that line the insides of the pelvic bones.) Cancer cells may also be found in the lymph nodes in the pelvis.
Stage III: The cancer has spread to the lower part of the vagina or to the pelvic wall. It may block the flow of urine to the bladder. Cancer cells may also be found in the lymph nodes in the pelvis.
Stage IV: The cancer has spread to other body parts within or outside of the pelvis. Cancer cells may be found in the bladder, rectum, abdomen, liver, intestines or lungs.