Risk Factors

Risk Factors
Although doctors cannot always explain why a woman develops GTD, there are a number of factors that may increase a women’s risk of developing the disease:

  • Age: Since GTD develops from pregnancy this disease only occurs in women in the childbearing age group.
  • The risk of developing GTD increases with age, particularly after age 40.
  • Prior GTD: Women who have had a previous molar pregnancy or choriocarcinoma are at increased risk of another. For example, a second molar pregnancy occurs ten times more frequently than the first mole.
  • Diet: Women whose diets are low in beta carotene or vitamin A appear to have a higher risk of developing complete molar pregnancy.
  • Use of Oral Contraceptives: Long-term use of contraceptives appear to increase the risk of partial molar pregnancy.
  • Irregular periods: Women who have irregular periods appear to have an increased risk of partial molar pregnancy.
  • Fertility problems: Women who have had spontaneous abortions appear to have an increased risk of complete and partial molar pregnancy.

Spotlight

Visit the Sisterhood of Survivorship page to read “Dena’s Story” — by a vulvar cancer survivor who has shared her story and wise words, and channeled her energy into her National Race to End Women’s Cancer team.

Awareness

Vaccine efficacy against vulvar infection with HPV 16/18 was comparable to the efficacy found against cervical infection 4 years after vaccination, according to researchers with the National Cancer Institute.

Research

The Foundation has published its 2014-2015 Research Grants and Awards Booklet with Applications. Please consider applying to become part of an elite group of physician-scientists committed to the well-being of women at risk for/affected by gyn malignancies.

Education

The next Ovarian Cancer Survivors Course will be Saturday, July 26, 2014 in Boston. For more information on courses, click here.