Risk Factors

Risk Factors
Although doctors cannot always explain why a woman develops GTD, there are a number of factors that may increase a women’s risk of developing the disease:

  • Age: Since GTD develops from pregnancy this disease only occurs in women in the childbearing age group.
  • The risk of developing GTD increases with age, particularly after age 40.
  • Prior GTD: Women who have had a previous molar pregnancy or choriocarcinoma are at increased risk of another. For example, a second molar pregnancy occurs ten times more frequently than the first mole.
  • Diet: Women whose diets are low in beta carotene or vitamin A appear to have a higher risk of developing complete molar pregnancy.
  • Use of Oral Contraceptives: Long-term use of contraceptives appear to increase the risk of partial molar pregnancy.
  • Irregular periods: Women who have irregular periods appear to have an increased risk of partial molar pregnancy.
  • Fertility problems: Women who have had spontaneous abortions appear to have an increased risk of complete and partial molar pregnancy.

Spotlight

Hear from Dr. Anil Sood, the Foundation’s Research Chairman, and Carol Brown, 2014 SGO Program Chair, about research of interest to women and the public presented at the 2014 SGO Annual Meeting on Women’s Cancer. Watch the video

Awareness

A new SGO Clinical Practice Statement states women diagnosed with epithelial ovarian, tubal, and peritoneal cancers should be considered for genetic counseling and testing, even in the absence of a family history.

Education

The next Gynecologic Cancer Survivors Course Friday, May 2, 2014 in Long Island, NY. For more information on courses, click here.