Ovarian Cancer

Cancer occurs when cells in an area of the body grow abnormally. Ovarian cancer is the seventh most common cancer among women. There are three types of ovarian cancer: (1) epithelial ovarian cancer, (2) germ cell cancer and (3) stromal cell cancer.

Epithelial ovarian cancer is the most common and accounts for 85 percent to 89 percent of ovarian cancers. It forms on the surface of the ovary in the epithelial cells. It ranks fourth in cancer deaths among women and causes more deaths than any other cancer of the female reproductive system.

On the other hand, germ cell cancer is an uncommon form of ovarian cancer, accounting for only about five percent of ovarian cancers. Germ cell cancers start in the cells that form the eggs in the ovaries. This cancer is usually found in adolescent girls and young women, and usually affects only one ovary.

Equally rare, stromal cell cancer starts in the cells that produce female hormones and hold the ovarian tissues together

Hereditary Breast and Ovarian Cancer syndrome (HBOC) is an inherited condition caused by mutations in the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes.

The Foundation for Women’s Cancer offers educational materials that explore this in more depth. 

Spotlight

Visit the Sisterhood of Survivorship page to read “Dena’s Story” — by a vulvar cancer survivor who has shared her story and wise words, and channeled her energy into her National Race to End Women’s Cancer team.

Awareness

Vaccine efficacy against vulvar infection with HPV 16/18 was comparable to the efficacy found against cervical infection 4 years after vaccination, according to researchers with the National Cancer Institute.

Research

The Foundation has published its 2014-2015 Research Grants and Awards Booklet with Applications. Please consider applying to become part of an elite group of physician-scientists committed to the well-being of women at risk for/affected by gyn malignancies.

Education

The next Ovarian Cancer Survivors Course will be Saturday, July 26, 2014 in Boston. For more information on courses, click here.