Gynecologic Anatomy – Foundation for Women's Cancer
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Gynecologic Anatomy

Uterus, also known as the womb, is a muscular organ that responds to hormone stimulation during the female menstrual cycle and is the location of implantation for a normal pregnancy.

Endometrium is the inside lining of the uterus that grows each month during the childbearing years and sheds during the menstrual period if pregnancy does not occur.

Ovaries are the female reproductive organs in which eggs and the female sex hormones, estrogen and progesterone, are produced.

Fallopian tubes are a pair of tubes that connect the ovaries and uterus. They allow for the transit of eggs from the ovaries to the uterus.

Cervix is the neck-like structure at the base of the uterus, connecting the uterus to the vagina. The cervix has three anatomical components: an external orifice, which opens to the vagina; an internal orifice, which opens to the uterus; and a cervical canal which connects the external and internal orifices.


Vagina is the elastic and muscular canal that connects the external genitalia to the internal reproductive organs.

Vulva is the external structures of the female genitalia, which includes the labia majora, labia minora, urethra or bladder opening, vaginal opening and the clitoris.